I would like to thank Tropica Aquatic plants for their invaluable information
1 varenr020 Barclaya longifolia is a beautiful and distinctive solitary plant, available in green varieties with light-green leaves and pink underneath (or in dark-red). It flowers well in aquariums - even under water if the aquarium is so tall that the flower cannot reach the water surface. Dormant periods sometimes occur when the leaves disappear, but the plant starts forming new leaves a few months later. The dormant period can often be broken by moving the plant.
Family Nymphaeaceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin  
Height 30-80 cm
Width 20-50 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 23-32° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5-8
Growth medium
Demands medium
2 varenr021 Ceratophyllum demersum is a genuine cosmopolitan found all over the globe. It has no true roots but can be planted in the bottom. In the wild it is often found rooted, with the lower leaves forming anchors. As a floating plant it provides a good hiding-place for young fish. C. demersum can be useful in combating algae because it consumes nutrients in the water and secretes substances that counteract algae. Some varieties are difficult to transport.
Family Ceratophyllaceae
Continent Cosmopolitan
Region Cosmopolitan
Country of origin  
Height 5-80+ cm
Width 5-15+ cm
Light requirements very low-very high
Temperature 10-28° C
Hardness tolerance oft-very hard
pH tolerance 6-9
Growth fast
Demands easy
3 varenr023 The purple colour underneath Alternanthera reineckii ''roseafolia'' leaves provides an effective contrast to the many green plants in an aquarium - particularly when planted in groups. Good light encourages the leaves to turn red. Most Alternanthera species are difficult to grow, but this one is relatively undemanding. Easy to propagate by nipping off the terminal bud and planting it in the bottom. This also makes the mother plant more bushy, because more side shoots are formed.
Family Amaranthaceae
Continent South America
Region South America
Country of origin  
Height 25-50 cm
Width 10-15 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 17-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-hard
pH tolerance 5-8
Growth Medium
Demands Medium
4 varenr023B

Alternanthera reineckii ''lilacina'' needs plenty of light to grow and form dark-red leaves. In open aquariums it grows willingly up through the surface, and like other difficult plants growth improves considerably if CO2 is added. Shortage of micronutrients results in pale leaves. Like other stem plants A. reineckii ''Lilacina'' is best in groups.
Common Name: Red Temple

Family Amaranthaceae
Continent South America
Region South America
Country of origin  
Height 15-40 cm
Width 10-15 cm
Light requirements high-very high
Temperature 17-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-medium
pH tolerance 5-7
Growth slow
Demands difficult
5 varenr032A Rotala wallichii is a demanding plant that develops red shoot tips in good light conditions. The most decorative effect can be achieved by planting a large number of stems in a group. R. wallichii is a good foreground plant, and suitable for small aquariums because it is easy to prune if it grows too large. CO2 addition boosts growth considerably. It also prefers soft, slightly acidic water.

032
Family Lythraceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin  
Height 10-30 cm
Width 2-4+ cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 18-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-medium
pH tolerance 5-7
Growth fast
Demands difficult
6 varenr035A Ludwigia glandulosa is a very beautiful water plant. It is slowgrowing and requires CO2 addition to grow well. The leaves turn greener if sufficient light is provided. Used to be sold as Ludwigia perennis.

Family Onagraceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin  
Height 15-40 cm
Width 5-12 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 20-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5,5-8
Growth slow
Demands difficult
7 varenr035B Ludwigia inclinata is a difficult plant that requires soft, slightly acidic water with added CO2 to thrive optimally. In good light the leaves turn a beautiful shade of yellow/orange. In many coloured plants the leaves are only coloured underneath, but the leaves of L. inclinata are also coloured on top. If there is insufficient light the leaves turn greener, and the lower leaves fall off. This plant also thrives in terrariums with a high air humidity.
Family Onagraceae
Continent South America
Region South America
Country of origin  
Height 20-40 cm
Width 3-5+ cm
Light requirements high-very high
Temperature 22-30 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-medium
pH tolerance 5-7
Growth fast
Demands very difficult
8 varenr037A The finely-branched red leaves of Myriophyllum tuberculatum make this one of the most beautiful of aquarium plants. But it makes great demands on the light, and only thrives in a few aquariums. A nutritious bottom and CO2 addition promote growth significantly. M. tuberculatum is most beautiful when planted in groups, but do not plant shoots too close because this will prevent light reaching the lower leaves.
Common Name: Red Foxtail
Family Haloragaceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin  
Height 40+ cm
Width 5-8 cm
Light requirements very high-very high
Temperature 18-29 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-hard
pH tolerance 5-7
Growth fast
Demands very difficult
9 varenr053C In the nursery this plant is cultivated in marshy conditions, forming dark-green leaves which are purple underneath. In aquariums the leaves turn a beautiful shade of light-green. It needs intensive light to thrive. Widely used in Dutch aquariums in so-called ''plant streets''. In open aquariums it grows above the water surface, where it forms very beautiful scarlet flowers and the leaves regain their colour. Can be used in garden ponds.
Family Lobeliaceae
Continent North America
Region North America
Country of origin  
Height 20-30+ cm
Width 7-15 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 15-26 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-hard
pH tolerance 6-8
Growth slow
Demands difficult
10 varenr072A Echinodorus x barthii is a decorative and beautiful solitary plant for large aquariums. The leaves change colour from dark-red in the youngest leaves to dark-green in the oldest. The colour develops well when the light intensity is high and there are sufficient micro-nutrients in the aquarium. A nutritious bottom and CO2 addition promote growth. This plant takes a lot of light from plants underneath, so it must be pruned occasionally. It used to be sold as ''Double Red''.

Family Alismataceae
Continent South America
Region Cultivar
Country of origin  
Height 25-50 cm
Width 20-30 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 16-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-hard
pH tolerance 6-9
Growth medium
Demands medium
11 varenr073B Echinodorus schlueteri is an orbiculate ''sword'' plant whose low, broad growth makes it suitable for small aquariums. The youngest leaves have clear red-brown spots, which turn very light in older leaves. It is generally undemanding, but at high light intensity the red-brown spots become more strongly coloured. A nutritious bottom promotes growth. See Echinodorus schlueteri 'Leopard'.
Family Alismataceae
Continent South America
Region South America
Country of origin  
Height 15-25 cm
Width 15-20 cm
Light requirements medium-very high
Temperature 20-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-hard
pH tolerance 6-8
Growth medium
Demands medium
12 varenr073F Echinodorus 'Ocelot' is a decorative hybrid between Echinodorus schluteri 'Leopard' and Echinodorus x barthii. Naturally, it is the elliptical black spots on the red-brown leaves that have given this plant the name 'Ocelot'. The spots are darkest on the youngest leaves, and unlike many other spotted Echinodorus Echinodorus 'Ocelot' retains its spots even at low light intensity. It is an undemanding, good plant for beginners.
Family Alismataceae
Continent South America
Region Cultivar
Country of origin  
Height 20-40+ cm
Width 25-30 cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 15-30 ° C
Hardness tolerance soft-very hard
pH tolerance 6-9
Growth fast
Demands Very easy
13 varenr089 Aponogeton madagascariensis is a speciality in botanical gardens all over the world. It used to be so much in demand that it almost became extinct in its natural environment in Madagascar A. madagascariensis makes such high demands on water quality and the bottom that it can only be recommended as a solitary plant in large, specialized aquariums in which the water is replaced frequently. There are several varieties, with different structures and leaf widths.
Common Name: Madagascar Lace
Family Aponogetonaceae
Continent Africa
Region Africa
Country of origin Madagascar
Height 25-50+ cm
Width 25-30+ cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 15-26 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5-7,5
Growth fast
Demands difficult
14 varenr101A Anubias barteri var. barteri is an undemanding plant. It grows somewhat larger than Anubias barteri var. nana but is grown in the same conditions. Anubias barteri varies considerably in terms of size and leaf shape. Like other Anubias species, it is best planted in a shady spot to restrict algae growth on the leaves. It is also suitable for terrariums and aquaterrariums. Herbivorous fish do not eat the very tough and robust leaves.
Family Araceae
Continent Africa
Region Africa
Country of origin  
Height 25-45 cm
Width 15 cm
Light requirements very low-medium
Temperature 20-30 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-very hard
pH tolerance 5, 5-9
Growth very slow
Demands easy
15 varenr108 This beautiful variety with the dark, hammered leaves is named after 'Tropica'. When grown in an open space the leaves will virtually lie on the bottom. It is suitable for small aquariums. Like most other Sri Lanka Cryptocorynes, it also grows well in hard water. See other Cryptocorynes for further information.
Family Araceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin Sri Lanka
Height 6-10 cm
Width 8-12 cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 20-30° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5,5-8
Growth medium
Demands very easy
16 varenr109E This beautiful variety with the dark, hammered leaves is named after 'Tropica'. When grown in an open space the leaves will virtually lie on the bottom. It is suitable for small aquariums. Like most other Sri Lanka Cryptocorynes, it also grows well in hard water. See other Cryptocorynes for further information.
Family Araceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin Sri Lanka
Height 6-10 cm
Width 8-12 cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 20-30 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5,5-8
Growth medium
Demands very easy
17 varenr110A Unlike the common Cryptocoryne undulata, this plant has wider leaves and a beautiful, flecked leaf pattern. It also grows larger. It is known botanically as a triploid variety. See other Cryptocorynes for further information.

Family Araceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin Sri Lanka
Height 15-25+ cm
Width 10-20 cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 20-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5,5-8
Growth medium
Demands easy
18 varenr109D This beautiful variety of Cryptocoryne wendtii is only found in the river Mi Oya. It has characteristic red-brown, slightly hammered leaves. Many Cryptocorynes can grow at high temperatures. In the wild this plant is found in streams with a temperature of more than 30 degrees C. At even higher temperatures the light intensity must be higher or the days longer. See other Cryptocorynes for further information.

Family Araceae
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin Sri Lanka
Height 25-35 cm
Width 15-30 cm
Light requirements low-high
Temperature 20-32 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-very hard
pH tolerance 5,5-8
Growth slow
Demands very easy
19 varenr008B Microsorum pteropus 'Windeløv' is a patented variety of M. pteropus, named after Tropica's founder Holger Windeløv. Its finely branched leaf tips make it one of the most beautiful aquarium plants. A hardy and easy plant for both beginners and the more experienced. Best planted on a stone or tree root (this is how Microsorum grows in the wild). If planted in the bottom the horizontal rhizome must not be covered. This plant is not eaten by herbivorous fish.
Family Polypodiaceae
Continent Asia
Region Cultivar
Country of origin  
Height 10-20 cm
Width 12-18+ cm
Light requirements very low-high
Temperature 18-30 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5-8
Growth slow
Demands very easy
20 Nymp Banana lily gets its name from its cluster of thick banana-shaped roots, located close to the leaves near the surface of the water. Banana lily has rounded leaves that have a notch at the base: they resemble small water lily leaves. Banana lily leaves are green above and dull purple below. It has small white five-petalled flowers that arise from below the leaf. Propagation: Usually by vegetative means - young adventive plants spring from separate leaves or cuttings
Family Genzianacee.
Continent North America
Region Alantic cost America
Country of origin  
Height  
Width  
Light requirements  
Temperature 20 - 25 ° C
Hardness tolerance 30 - 150 ppm
pH tolerance 6.5 - 7.2
Growth  
Demands  
21 varenr053B Hygrophila siamensis
Under water the leaves are light-green and dense. In open aquariums Hygrophila corymbosa ''Siamensis'' grows easily above the water surface, where it forms blue-green leaves and small blue flowers. It grows fast and the shoots must be pinched out regularly if you want to keep the plant under water. An extremely hardy plant, suitable for beginners.
Family Acanthacea
Continent Asia
Region South-east Asia
Country of origin Thailand
Height 15-40 cm
Width 15-20 cm
Light requirements low-very high
Temperature 20-28 ° C
Hardness tolerance very soft-hard
pH tolerance 5.5-8
Growth fast
Demands easy
22   Cryptocoryne Barbudius
Family  
Continent  
Region  
Country of origin  
Height  
Width  
Light requirements  
Temperature  
Hardness tolerance  
pH tolerance  
Growth  
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23 varenr067 Small foreground plants for aquariums are in short supply, but Echinodorus tenellus is one of the best. The runners spread round the aquarium, and growth is more compact when planted in a pot or between stones or other objects. A true ''lawn'' effect is only achieved at high light intensities, so you must make sure larger plants do not overshadow the plant. Plant individual plants a couple of centimetres apart (easiest with tweezers). A nutritious bottom promotes growth.
Common Name Hair Grass
Family Alismataceae
Continent North America
Region America
Country of origin  
Height 5-10 cm
Width 5-8+ cm
Light requirements Medium -Very High
Temperature 19-30°C
Hardness tolerance Very soft- medium
pH tolerance 5.5-8
Growth medium
Demands Medium
24 varenr054 Vallisneria americana (gigantea) is an easy plant that grows fast, suitable for large aquariums. In most aquariums the leaves grow so long that they float on the surface. So the plant needs pruning to stop it taking too much light from plants growing beneath. The leaves are tough and strong, so they are not normally eaten by herbivorous fish. V. americana is easy to propagate using runners, which are prolific if the bottom is nutritious.
Common Name Giant Val
Family Hydrocharitaceae
Continent Asia
Region Asia
Country of origin  
Height 50-100+ cm
Width 15+ cm
Light requirements low-Very High
Temperature 18-30°C
Hardness tolerance soft-very hard
pH tolerance 6-9.5
Growth fast
Demands very easy
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