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the land of Many Waters
The North West
More Info on Guyana
Cooperative Republic of Guyana
President: Bharrat Jagdeo (2001)
Prime Minister: Samuel Hinds (1997)
Area: 83,000 sq. mi. (214,970 sq. km)
Population (2000 est.): 697,286 (average annual rate of natural increase: 0.95%); birth rate: 17.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 39.1/1000; density per sq. mi.: 8
Capital and largest city (1992 est.): Georgetown, 248,500
Monetary unit: Guyana dollar
Languages: English (official), Amerindian dialects
Ethnicity/race: East Indian 51%, black and mixed 43%, Amerindian 4%, European and Chinese 2%
Religions: Hindu, 34%; Protestant, 18%; Islam, 9%; Roman Catholic, 18%; Anglican, 16%
Literacy rate: 96% (1990)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (1999 est.): $1.86 billion; per capita $2,500. Real growth rate: 1.8%. Inflation: 5.5%. Unemployment: 12% (1992 est.). Labor force: 245,492 (1992). Arable land: 2%. Agriculture: sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest and fishery potential not exploited. Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, fishing (shrimp), textiles, gold mining. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish. Exports: $574 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.): sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber. Imports: $620 million (c.i.f., 1999 est.): manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food. Major trading partners: U.S., Canada, U.K., Netherlands Antilles, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan.
Member of Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 45,000 (1995); mobile cellular: 1,243 (1995). Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 420,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (one public station; two private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997). Televisions: 46,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (1999).
Transportation: Railways: total: 187 km (all dedicated to ore transport). Highways: total: 7,970 km; paved: 590 km; unpaved: 7,380 km (1996 est.). Waterways: 5,900 km total of navigable waterways; Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo Rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively. Ports and harbors: Bartica, Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Parika. Airports: 51 (1999 est.).
International disputes: all of the area west of the Essequibo River claimed by Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Kutari [Koetari] Rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne).